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Top 10 JVM Languages To Keep Your Software Development On Track

The Top 10 JVM Languages For Programmers

Java has long been a popular programming language worldwide, and it continues to be so today. Java Virtual Machine (JVM) experts are familiar with Java. Its wisdom and distinctive qualities have permeated organisations of all sizes and sectors.

JVM has not been limited to Java for the past few years; other JVM languages have gained much traction. The JVM is getting faster and more efficient in terms of execution and performance. As a result, these JVM-based languages allow Java developers to optimize their skills and overcome their previously faced disadvantages.

This post goes through the top ten most popular languages on the JVM and other JVM implementations. But, first and foremost, let us define what a JVM language is.

What Is JVM Language?

JVM-compatible programming languages can be run on the Java virtual machine (JVM). The JVM is responsible for loading, verifying, and running Java bytecode. This means that the JVM can interpret other programming languages as well. The compiler takes your code and turns it into a bytecode. The interpreter takes the bytecode and turns it into readable computer code.

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is a virtual machine that runs on the native platform of your device. It has its own proprietary instruction set and execution engine, allowing it to run on multiple platforms smoothly. The JVM is a virtual machine that utilizes real hardware and an operating system. Java software development services are in high demand, as the language is not only popular but also versatile. Hire dedicated developers for your java software development needs.

Features Of JVM

  • Cross-platform: The JVM is available on various platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.
  • Portability: Java bytecode can be easily transported from one platform to another. This makes it possible to run Java programs on any platform that has a JVM implementation.
  • Security: The JVM uses a security model that protects users from malicious code.
  • Performance: The JVM is designed to optimize code execution. As a result, programs written in Java tend to run faster than those written in other languages.

Top Ten JVM Languages 2022

1. Java

Over 3 billion devices use Java, making it one of the most popular programming languages on the planet. Java is presently one of the most popular technologies. It may be utilized in desktop applications, mobile apps, web development, artificial intelligence, cloud applications, and other areas. This language lets you study various topics quickly, and it will only take minutes to finish our Java Programming Foundation – Self-Paced course. As a result, acquiring and perfecting this technology may lead to highly high earnings, limitless job possibilities, and worldwide recognition. Some of Java’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Ideal for any program or infrastructure.
  • Large community backing
  • Secure, sturdy, and scalable
  • It’s simple to learn and build

Amazon, Adobe, Flipkart, and Instagram are just a few businesses that use Java.

2. Kotlin

Java, Android, and the browser all support statically typed Kotlin. It is a cross-platform programming language with type inference. The Apache License version two applies to Kotlin as an open-source project. Google announced first-class support for Kotlin on Android in May 2017. Since then, Kotlin has seen a meteoric rise in popularity. Some of the most notable companies using Kotlin include Pinterest, Evernote, and Netflix.

Some of Kotlin’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Kotlin is interoperable with Java
  • It is a statically typed language
  • It is more concise than Java
  • Programming paradigms such as object-oriented and functional are supported.

3. Scala

Scala is a general-purpose language that supports functional programming and a strong static type system. Designed to be concise, many of Scala’s design decisions were inspired by criticisms of Java. Scala source code is intended to be compiled to Java bytecode, so the resulting executable code runs on a JVM. The name “Scala” is derived from “scalable,” indicating that it was designed to grow with the demands of its users.

Some of Scala’s most notable characteristics include:

  • The concise syntax makes the code easy to read
  • Type inference allows the compiler to infer the type of a variable
  • Pattern matching makes it easy to extract data from complex structures
  • Immutable variables which are thread-safe by default
  • Functional programming paradigms that make it easier to write parallel and concurrent code

Verizon, Twitter, Airbnb, LinkedIn, Accenture, Glovo, SoundCloud, The New York Times, Coursera, etc., are some notable companies using Scala.

4. Fantom

Fantom is a JVM object-oriented, open-source, and portable programming language. It compiles JavaScript as well as the .NET CLR. It may run in all modern browsers, servers, and IoT devices because it supports seamless execution. Fantom has immutability, familiar syntax, concurrency control, extensible libraries, and minimal core APIs to make it an appealing option. Some of Fantom’s most notable characteristics include:

  • JVM & CLR bytecode targets
  • Type inference & static types
  • Simple syntax with closures & actors
  • Structural typing & Java interop
  • Fast compile times with concurrent builds
  • Multilingual support baked in (even build scripts!)

Some companies using Fantom are Hilton hotels, InRule, and JBoss.

5. Xtend

Xend is a statically typed, object-oriented JVM language that compiles to Java 8 compatible code. It generates Java code, unlike other similar languages, allowing you to work with it. Some of the most notable companies using Xtend include Google, Amazon, and eBay. Some of Xtend’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Type inference
  • Extension methods
  • Data classes
  • Null safety
  • Lambda expressions

6. Golo

Golo is a lightweight dynamic language for the JVM with a syntax close to the java syntax. It is a great language for scripting, prototyping, and teaching. Some of Golo’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Simple syntax
  • Dynamic typing
  • Lightweight
  • Interoperability with Java
  • Functional programming paradigms
  • Meta-programming capabilities
  • Concurrency support

7. Concurnas

Concurnas is a JVM language with native support for GPU computing. It has many modern features such as type inference, meta programming, concurrency, and parallelism. Concurnas is open source under Apache License version two. Some of Concurna’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Type inference & static types
  • Native support for GPU computing (CUDA)
  • Metaprogramming
  • Concurrency & parallelism
  • Interoperability with Java

Some of the companies using Concurnas are Amazon, Facebook, and Netflix.

8. Yeti

Yeti is a JVM language with a syntax that Java and python inspire. It is a great language for scripting, prototyping, and teaching. Some of Yeti’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Simple syntax
  • Dynamic typing
  • Lightweight
  • Interoperability with Java

9. Jython

The Jython programming language runs on the Java platform and implements the Python programming language. Jython is freely available for commercial and non-commercial use and distributed with source code under the PSF License. Some of Jython’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Interoperability with Java
  • Dynamic language features
  • Large standard library
  • Extensive tool set

10. Groovy

Groovy is an object-oriented, statically typed JVM language with a syntax that Java and python inspire. It has many modern features such as type inference, closures, meta programming, concurrency, and parallelism. It is open source under Apache License version two. Some of Groovy’s most notable characteristics include:

  • Type inference & static types
  • Closures & metaprogramming
  • Concurrency & parallelism
  • Interoperability with Java

Some of the companies using Groovy are LinkedIn, Amazon, and Google.

Wrapping It Up

These are just a few of the many languages that run on the JVM. As you can see, there is a language for almost every need. Whether you’re looking for a language that is easy to learn or has all the modern features, there is sure to be a JVM language that is right for you. Finding the perfect fit for your project is easy, with many available options. Java software development services can help you choose the right language and set up your development environment.

Kiran Patel

I am Kiran Patel, a technology enthusiast. Blogger & Author by passion. Whether you talk about passion or profession, by both I am a writer! I am a Guest Author on many reputed sites and have been sharing my knowledge for many years now.

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